Loss of Hearing After Shooting

Shooting firearms is a popular sport and recreational activity. While it is a fun activity, it comes with some risks that shooters need to be aware of. One of the most common risks is loss of hearing after shooting. When a firearm is discharged, the sound waves travel through the air and cause damage to your hearing

If you are shooting firearms regularly, it is important to be aware of the risk of hearing loss and take appropriate precautions to protect your hearing. Here are some tips on how to protect your hearing after shooting. 

Types of Hearing Loss

When it comes to hearing loss, there are four primary categories: mild, moderate, severe, and profound. Each of these categories requires different levels of intervention, including hearing aids if necessary. In this article, we’ll take a look at what level of hearing loss requires a hearing aid.

1. Mild Hearing Loss 

is defined as a hearing loss of 25-40 decibels (dB), or the ability to hear only some sounds. This type of hearing loss can often be managed:

  • With lifestyle changes and
  • The use of assistive devices like amplified phones and hearing loops
  • In some cases, a mild hearing loss may require the use of hearing aids.

2. Moderate hearing 

loss is defined as a hearing loss of 40-55 dB. This level of hearing loss can be managed with the use of assistive devices, but may require the use of hearing aids as well.

3. Severe hearing loss

is defined as a hearing loss of 55-70 dB. This level of hearing loss can no longer be managed with lifestyle adjustments or assistive devices and will require the use of hearing aids.

4. Profound hearing loss 

is defined as a hearing loss of 70 dB or more. This level of hearing loss requires the use of a hearing aid for even basic sounds and speech.

loss of hearing after shooting
Loss of Hearing

Causes of Hearing loss

There are many possible causes of hearing loss, and it can be caused by a number of different things. 

  • One of the most common causes is age, as hearing loss often increases with age
  • Other causes include exposure to loud noise or chemicals
  • Head or neck injuries
  • Some diseases
  • Hearing loss can also be caused by damage to the ear itself.
  • Damage to the ear can also be caused by tumors or other growths on the ear
  • Birth defects in the ear canal
  • Use of ototoxic drugs (medications that damage the ears).

If you think you may have hearing loss, it’s important to see your doctor. He or she can perform a simple test to determine whether you have hearing loss and what kind of hearing loss you have.

loss of hearing after shooting
Head injury

Loss of Hearing after Shooting

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), hearing loss after gunshot wounds is a very common condition. In fact, it’s the number one cause of occupational hearing loss in the United States.

Hearing loss caused by a shooting is typically the result of a loud noise, such as the sound of a gun being fired. The loud noise can cause damage to the delicate hair cells in the inner ear, which are responsible for transmitting sound signals to the brain. This damage can lead to hearing loss, tinnitus (ringing in the ears), and other auditory issues.

If you are experiencing any signs of hearing loss, it is important to consult with your doctor as soon as possible. There are various treatments available for hearing loss after shooting, and many people eventually regain full hearing. However, if you experience significant deafness, it is important to seek help as soon as possible so that you can enjoy a quality life despite your injury.

loss of hearing after shooting
Inner Ear Structure

Precautionary Measures to Avoid Hearing Loss in Shooting

There are numerous precautions that can be taken to help prevent hearing loss after shooting. When firearms are discharged, the pressure wave created is capable of causing damage to the ear drum and other adjacent structures. 

Proper ear protection, such as:

  • firearm muffler or 
  • earplug, can help reduce this damage.

In addition to using proper ear protection, shooters should take a few preventive steps to protect their hearing. These steps include:

  • Maintaining good auditory hygiene by avoiding loud noises and being aware of noise levels while shooting
  • Not firing unless absolutely necessary
  • Avoiding direct exposure to gunfire
  • Wearing appropriate hearing protective equipment when applicable
loss of hearing after shooting
Ear saftey during Shooting Practice

How to Test if You have Hearing Loss 

To test if you have hearing loss, you should visit an audiologist or hearing healthcare professional. They will conduct a hearing test, which typically includes a series of tones and speech at different volumes and pitches. The test results will indicate the type and degree of hearing loss and the best course of treatment

In addition to visiting an audiologist, you can also do a self-test by using online hearing test resources or by using a smartphone application designed for hearing testing. 

It is also important to be aware of symptoms such as: 

  • Difficulty hearing in certain situations
  • Frequently asking people to repeat themselves
  • Experiencing ringing in the ears
loss of hearing after shooting
Hearing Test

Symptoms of Hearing Loss

The symptoms of hearing loss after a shooting can vary depending on the severity of the injury. Some common symptoms include:

  • Difficulty hearing in certain frequencies or pitches
  • Tinnitus (ringing in the ears)
  • Dizziness or vertigo
  • Muffled or distorted hearing
  • Difficulty understanding speech

Treatment for Hearing Loss After Shooting

Hearing loss after a shooting can be treated in a number of ways, depending on the severity of the injury and the underlying cause. Some common treatments include:

1. Medication

Pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs can be used to alleviate pain and swelling in the ear.

2. Surgery

If the damage to the ear is severe, surgery may be necessary to repair the damage. This could include repairing a hole in the eardrum, or reconstructing the ear canal.

3. Hearing Aids

If the damage is not severe enough to require surgery, a hearing aid can be used to amplify sound and make it easier to hear.

4. Cochlear Implant

For severe hearing loss, a cochlear implant may be recommended. This is a small electronic device that is surgically implanted in the ear and can help to restore some hearing.

5. Auditory Rehabilitation

This is a program of therapy designed to help the person with hearing loss to better cope with their condition. This may include speech and language therapy, as well as training on how to use hearing aids or cochlear implants.

6. Noise Protection

In order to prevent further hearing loss, it is important to protect the ears from loud noises. This can be done by using earplugs or other forms of noise protection.

It is important to visit an audiologist or otolaryngologist (ENT) for a thorough examination, as soon as possible after the shooting incident, to determine the extent of the injury and the best course of treatment. In some cases, it may be possible to regain some or all of the hearing that has been lost, but in other cases, the hearing loss may be permanent.

loss of hearing after shooting
Hearing Aid


If you have experienced a hearing loss as the result of shooting firearms, there are steps that can be taken to improve your situation. Hearing aids and counseling may help get your auditory system back on track. Additionally, if you are able to do so, it is possible to shoot using ear protection.

If you want to know more precautionary measures, see our homepage

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